Project structure

The project addresses the complete value chain from feedstock potential, the investigation of pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation conversion technologies, the optimisation of transport and logistics to the exploitation of the energy carrier and its by-products. The techno/economic and environmental assessment includes the complete supply chain.

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13 beneficiaries plus one third party contributor from 6 countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, Greece, The Netherlands, Poland) .

Roles of the Partners within the Project

KIT: KIT was the Coordinator of the project and investigated the fast pyrolysis pathway in the conversion work package 2. KIT led the work package 3 dedicated towards the chemical by-products of the hydrothermal conversion and pyrolysis.

CPERI/CERTH: The Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute CPERI was the leader of the work package 2 “Decentralized conversion technologies to an energy carrier” focusing on biomass catalytic pyrolysis for the production of fuels and chemicals.

AVA-CO2: AVA-CO2 contributed the hydrothermal carbonization technology (HTC) for wet biomass conversion. AVA-CO2 operates the first industrial size HTC plant in Karlsruhe.

CHIMAR: CHIMAR investigated the use of chemical green by-products for the development of thermosetting polymers.

EnBW: EnBW led the work package 5 “Applications of energy carrier” and contributed by providing test facilities for the use of energy carriers.

TNO: TNO (departments Industrial Innovation and Energy) was the leader of work package 6 “Techno-economic, social and environmental assessment of complete chains”. The focus was on the assessment of the techno-economic feasibility, environmental and social sustainability of the various value chains that could emerge from the energy carrier.

GRACE: GRACE developed, scale-up (to pilot scale) and evaluate novel micro-/meso-porous materials as catalysts for biomass pyrolysis. 

IUNG: IUNG led the work package 1 and performed a feedstock potential assessment on the base of existing data about European biomass feedstock and converted it into the geographical information system (GIS). Which resulted, with the support of FHOÖ and SYNCOM, in the modeling of the biomass potential on European level and the development of a Geo-portal for results in GIS format.

FHOÖ: The FHOÖ was involved with the Logistikum at Campus Steyr and the Heuristic and Evolutionary Algorithms Lab (HEAL) at Campus Hagenberg. FHOÖ led the work package 4 “Transport & Logistics” and developed a holistic logistic model to optimize biomass and energy carrier transportation regarding distances costs and CO2 emission. Scenarios are evaluated by calculating performance figures such as cost or environmental impact.

NESTE: NESTE undertook the evaluation for the application of the catalytic pyrolysis oil for further treatment and estimated its composition. Also the applicability of different energy carriers to NESTE OIL refinery set was investigated.

SYNCOM: SYNCOM contributed its experience with the determination of feedstock costs, was responsible for the dissemination activities and assisted the consortium in administrative tasks.

DSM: To improve the economic and environmental balance of energy carrier chains DSM investigated methods for the recovery of high value chemicals and nutrients from pyrolysis condensates and HTC processes.

Universität Stuttgart: The Institute of Combustion and Power Plant Technology (IFK) is part of the University of Stuttgart and conducted combustion tests to evaluate the usability of the solid by-products from the bioliq and hydrothermal carbonization process in combustion systems.

DLR: DLR was involved in the application of the energy carriers by adaptation and testing of a FLOX®-based combustion system for pyrolysis oil.